•1986 (Gouache) - Mercedes 500 K - (1935)
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Sbarro built a large number of small series of aftershocks that brought him fame in
the automobile industry, among others with the Mercedes-Benz 540K.
History of Gottlieb Daimler, Carl Benz and Emil Jellinek
Gottlieb Daimler (originally Daumler) (March 17, 1834, Schorndorf - March 6, 1900, Stuttgart) Is not German mechanical engineer of genius.
Co - inventor of Gasoline engines, automotive pioneer, inventor of the bike in 1885 and founder of the brand automobile Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, renamed Daimler-Benz AG, then Mercedes-Benz after merger with Karl Benz in 1926. The English brand Daimler Company is founded in 1893 on the basis of operating licenses Gottlieb Daimler patents and redeemed by Frederick Richard Simms.
In 1869 he obtained a job as a draftsman in an engine manufacturer in Karlsruhe German company led by motor gasoline inventor engineer Nikolaus August Otto. He eventually hire his friend Wilhelm Maybach. They develop an engine fueled with gas lighting. Three years later, in 1872, he became technical director and associates with Nikolaus August Otto basis for Deutz AG, manufacturer of stationary gas engines.
In 1882 he left Deutz AG with his friend Wilhelm Maybach to open an independent shop in 1884 in Cannstatt (now a district of Stuttgart) with the principal amount of its shares of Deutz AG, where they improve motor four times French inventor engineer Alphonse Beau de Rochas, including through the blades on the flywheel to its cooling.
In 1885 they built the first motorcycle in the world, wood, and set up their successful engine on a boat, a sled, a car "horse" in 1886 (which means the invention of motorized four-wheeled vehicle, car the modern sense so), trams and pumpsfire .
1887 Gottlieb Daimler filed a patent for his Daimler engine high-speed internal combustion engine as an important step in the development of automobiles and motorcycles.
In 1889 they developed the stahlradwagen first car with an internal combustion engine, gas nozzle carburetor (motor with two cylinder V) they present on the stand of Panhard and Levassor Gallery "machines and progress techniques "of the universal Exhibition in Paris in 1889.
Armand Peugeot presents its Peugeot Type 1 steam boiler Serpollet discovered this revolutionary engine manufactured by Levassor in Paris at the end of the exhibition. He associated with them and built the chassis of a quadricycle, the Peugeot Type 2 followed a year later the Peugeot Type 3 engine with Daimler which marks the beginning of the empire of the Peugeot automobile industry French and European automobile equipped with Daimler engine.
In 1889 his wife died.
In 1890 Gottlieb Daimler founded the company Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft which he is a shareholder and becomes the third independent manufacturer. He names Wilhelm Maybach chief engineer. Resigns the following year in 1891 due to unfavorable contract followed by Gottlieb Daimler in 1893 following disagreements with his associates.
He married Lina Schwend with whom he has two children and founded a new research laboratory and manufacturing to independent Herrmann hotel in Stuttgart with Wilhelm Maybach where they developed successfully by a belt drive motor for engine equipped with a vaporization carburetor.
In 1895, Daimler and Maybach integrate Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft after new agreement with their partners to make their engines in series.
In 1897 Daimler creates Daimler Phoenix equipped with a front engine and then presents in 1899 the first four-cylinder engine.
In 1899 he built a car with Wilhelm Maybach motor Daimler for the brilliant and wealthy consul general of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and businessman, Emil Jellinek (also known by the nickname of Mr. Mercedes) that integrates the Board of Management of Daimler and buys exclusivity
the rights of the brand and Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft technical patents and sell them successfully in Austria-Hungary, France, Belgium
and the United States in its concessions in the name of his eldest daughter Mercedes.
1900 Gottlieb Daimler died on March 6 in Stuttgart at the age of 66 years. His son Paul Daimler succeeded him until 1922 before being replaced by Professor Ferdinand Porsche, creator of the Volkswagen Beetle (with Paul Daimler) and founder of Porsche in 1948.
In 1907 Wilhelm Maybach resigned after being relegated from the management to the rank of "chief inventor" and founded the successful automobile brand Maybach Motorenbau: airship engines built for Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin and luxury cars.
The economic crisis of the 1920s led Emil Jellinek (Mr. Mercedes), Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and Karl Benz "Benz & Cie"to put their common interests in 1924 and merged in 1926 to become Mercedes-Benz, German industrial manufacturer of cars upscale and trucks.
In 1909 Mercedes deposited brand as the famous star with three points, to represent the three ways that Gottlieb Daimler was chosen for its engines: land, sea and air, the emblem of all its cars from 1911.
Source : Wikipédia
History of 500 K -540 K
During the two years following the release of 500K, efforts were made to perfect the new system of independent suspension.
A prototype tests between 1934 and 1936 was equipped with the De-Dion system at the rear, to avoid the undesirable phenomenon Camber
caused by the oscillating axle. Developed, it would be added to the assembly line when management announced that only axles socillants équiperaient Mercedes brand cars.
On the other hand, it was decided that we would build an even bigger version of the eight -cylindres. Thus, the cars could reach the maximum speed
171 km / h. The 540 K, equipped with this engine, was introduced in 1936. It was the fastest production car in the world.
Management was very hard at low speeds. As soon as you exceed 64 km / h, however, the car became much easier to drive. It was virtually impossible to change gear while the oil was cold. Then we could practically spend 3rd 4th without use of the clutch,
because the box was very flexible. Until 1942, year of stopping its production of multiple models of 540 K were proposed. In 1937, a light version
this car reached the 180 km / h, but for the most part, these cars had very heavy bodies, identical to those of 500 K.
Two wheelbases were used. The court was reserved for coupes, sedans along. The first appeared since 1938. The following year came a bigger engine of 5800 cm3. Between 1938 and 1942 were built in small numbers of 600 K, equipped with identical bodies, but with V12
of 6020 cm3, developing a maximum power of 240 hp, while the compressor is put into service.
If their performance was similar to those of 540 K, the twelve cylinders were even more flexible than eight cylinders. The 600 had K
5 boxes fully synchronized reports identical to those equipped the Grosser Mercedes from 1937.
In fact, the 600 K V12 strangely resembled the Typ 770 that were still a bit more impressive. Note that the Grosser Mercedes Typ 770 were late with the rear suspension tested on 540 K. Similarly, these models were fitted new tubular chassis, which allowed to make the cut a much lighter car.
Since 1945, only 540 K with an engine of 5800 cm3 has been offered at auction and 540 K normal already at record prices.
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